Metal-ceramic crowns and bridges
Metal-ceramic crowns and bridges have been the standard in dentistry for years. Their main characteristics is their metal core.
Metal core, which is in contact with tooth, can contain special metal alloys. They have special ceramic buildup over them which gives the functional and aesthetic appearance of the tooth. Metal-ceramic crowns and bridges are very resistant, long-lasting and can be highly aesthetic.
Metal-free crowns and bridges
Metal-free crowns and bridges represent the type of highly aesthetic compensations, completely composed of ceramics. They mimic the natural characteristics of teeth and permeate light as a natural tooth. Metal-free crowns are a lot more adaptable to teeth alignment, especially when only some, not all, teeth are being compensated and it’s not possible to differ them. Their internal part is composed of materials described as biocompatible i.e. they do not provoke any reaction of surrounding tissue, but enable the shaping of gum same as with natural teeth. Metal-free crowns and bridges represent the mixture of high quality and long-lasting compensations.
Complete denture is used when there are no teeth left. Complete denture covers both jaws, upper and lower, and is put directly over gums, and even jaw bone. Complete denture has all teeth for both jaws and facilitates normal speech and chewing. While chewing, your jaw won’t be under pressure, because denture is stable and will not move around your mouth. Complete denture is easily taken off, and its maintenance is simple washing.
Partial dentures are used when there are one or more teeth in the jaw, but it is impossible to implement prosthetic compensation – bridges, and they compensate for the missing teeth. They are divided into:
Cast partial dentures
Partial skeletal dentures
Implant-supported dentures represent a compensation that is supported by dental implants. It is a quite solid and better than the regular one, which is only put on the gums and not tightly connected, which makes it unstable.
Implant-supported dentures are used when patients don’t have any teeth, but have enough bone material in their jaws, which enables implementation of dental implants. Implant-supported dentures consist of special elements which are then connected to the elements incorporated in dental implants.
Implant-supported dentures are more common on lower jaw since it is really hard to obtain stability there with regular dentures. Implant-supported dentures are easily taken off and their maintenance is simple washing.